ALWAYS BE READY
CREATE YOUR MOMENTS
DIFFERENT LENSES AND FOCAL LENGTHS
- Weight – big lenses can be a heavy weight and factor into your luggage allowance
- Security – the more gear you take, the more bits and pieces you have to keep an eye on and the more attention you draw to yourself
- Damage – changing lenses on the fly can be a bit risky both in terms of dropping gear and getting dust into your camera. Take care.
- Time – changing lenses too much can mean you have less time to actually enjoy the sites you travel to
A good alternative when travelling is to have a single lens that can cover a wide zoom range. Popular quality zoom lenses are the 35-110mm, 70-200/300mm and the 100-400mm.
JPEG, TIFF, RAW
- JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a commonly used format and perfectly usable for family photos but as the files are compressed some image info is lost, reducing quality.
- TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is a high quality file format usable in virtually all image editing software
- RAW the best format for saving photos the digital equivalent of a film negative. The Raw files contain all the info from the photo and the camera does no processing thereby maximising your options in the digital dark room.
KEEP AN OPEN MIND
MAKE THE EFFORT
A small torch is very hand to help see what you’re doing and to spot highlight parts of your image, such as a tree. Night time shots are very vulnerable to camera shake so a sturdy support is essential as is a camera release cable so you don’t cause any vibrations with depressing the shutter button, but if you don’t have a release cable, no problem, use the inbuilt camera timer button.
Camera meter systems read tone, in other words the degree of brightness, not colour. High tone elements would include bright subjects such as clouds and sky and low tone elements are shadows and dark subjects.
When a picture is taken the camera tends to try and average out the high and low tone areas. Situations when you need to be careful are with very light or dark subjects (i.e. a black buffalo or a white egret bird) and also when subjects are strongly side lit i.e. half in shadow and half in light.
The solution is to underexpose or overexposure accordingly using the compensation button (+/-). Many Digital SLR’s have preview image functions that flash highlight the overexposed areas and those that are underexposed will simply be very dark. So by shooting, previewing and using the compensating button it is possible to correct exposure in the field or just bracket the images.
PLANNING and PATIENCE
Tell a story, include the environment, skew the horizon, tilt a building, add an element like a tree in the foreground, photograph people insanely close and impossibly far. Look for the unusual.
ROAM A LITTLE
However, an alternative if photographing mainly from a vehicle is a empty durable bag with a zip that can travel empty and be filled with rice or beans purchased in the destination country and hung out on the vehicle window for a nifty support.
Don’t forget to save, save, save!! Memory cards are susceptible to damage or even theft and often your images can never be replaced. So save frequently to disk when travelling or upload them often various websites that allow you do so such as www.flickr.com
WHITE BALANCE (WB)
ZOOM IN ON THE LITTLE THINGS
Zooming in on the little things is a fascinating insight into an often neglected world and can be a way to photograph a wealth of new material and abstract images.
YOU SHOULD ENJOY YOUR PHOTOGRAPHY
Use your camera to play, experiment with techniques, change angles, take note of the rules then break them. Photography is an art form, be creative, have fun and most importantly enjoy yourself!
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Flavio Huamani, Photo Tours Peru
Adress: Urbanizacion Flor de la Cantuta B -2 San Sebastian Cusco Peru